An Anarchist and Autonomous Community-Based Resource Center in Muntinlupa City (Manila south), Philippines
“A spectre is haunting Europe- the spectre of communism, all the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Tsar, Metternich and Guizot, French Radicals and German police-spies.”
These were the words written by the German philosopher Karl Marx as he described the rise of a political party and a system of social organisation that would challenge the power of the bourgeoisie, in which the latter had just recently gained power after making peace with the absolutists of the old order and had quickly abandoned their revolutionary roots. Why was this important to Rizal, the Ilustrados and the development of the Philippine Revolution? Because these “Indios” were able to study in Europe and had been exposed to the political events which had unfolded decades after which the French Revolution and the wars of Napoleon made Europe a battle ground of political ideas, including the concept of anarchism. Rizal had personified these ideas through Ibarra the idealist and Simoun the anarchist, in which the latter was convinced that only the assassination of the leaders of the State and the Church would dawn a new independent nation born out of the ashes of a bloody revolution.